About OAK
Oakwood is one of the most valued and desired types of wood for furniture. For that reason, it is important to know about different types of oak wood, their properties and uses because of a carefully chosen oak furniture, for instance, can last for several generations.
Like its name is Oak, oak wood is obtained from oak Tree but there are over 400 oak species and not all of them are used for furniture making only. Oak genus includes large deciduous oak trees most people are familiar with as well as small shrub-like species. All oak species are native to the northern hemisphere from cold latitudes to tropical areas of Asia and America but not all of them are used for wood. Oak trees are hardwoods which means that they are strong and hard yet easy to work with which makes oak wood very useful for both furniture making. In addition, oak wood is one of the densest naturally occurring materials. It has a density of about 0.75 grams per cubic centimeter.
Oakwood has one disadvantage. Oak trees mature very slowly, white the acorns that contain seeds do not appear until the oak tree is mature and may take many years before start growing which is why oak wood is relatively expensive.
1. Waxed Oak
 Waxed oak furniture is not sealed like Oiled Oak Furniture; therefore, it will absorb the elements from its surroundings. If anything is spilled on the furniture make sure you act fast or it could be absorbed into the wood, leaving marks. This is exactly the same with heat, dark rings will be left if the heated item is placed directly on to the waxed Oak Furniture, we recommend using place mats where possible or covering the item with a table cloth etc.
Care instructions:
Dusting your Oak furniture is best carried out with a damp soft cloth to stop the dust billowing and re-settling on the oak. Try not to use any strong spray polishes as this could seep under the waxed layer and cause cracks to occur. If the item of furniture is dirty and you cannot remove the mark simply with dusting, you can use a damp cloth. Make sure you try to remove any excess water and again follow the grain of the wood. Make sure to dry off the Oak Furniture after you have finished. Apply wax to your Oak Furniture once or twice a year and this will help maintain the grain and keep the durability of your Oak Furniture. Waxing doesn’t work well if you make little circles or broad back and forth strokes. You want to apply the wax with a clean cloth. Move-in the same direction as the grain, leave for approx 5 minutes, and then remove the wax by buffing, again following the direction of the grain. This allows for optimum protection within the grain while minimizing streaking and air pockets.
CAUTION: When applying new wax finishes to your oak furniture the colors may differ. To make sure the color is to your liking you may want to try the wax on the underneath of the table or somewhere not in plain sight so you can decide if the finish is to your taste or not.
2. Oiled Oak
Oiled Oak is a gorgeous finish that aims to bring out the warmth and depth in the natural grain of the wood, which all round makes a wonderful piece of Oak Furniture. Oiled oak furniture usually consists of several coats of pure Tung Oil or Linseed oil to give the wood the resistance needed against the elements. Unlike conventional lacquers, the drying oils penetrate deep into the timber, which gives the Oak protection from the inside, rather than a layer sitting on top. They are not easy to chip and small scratches can be repaired simply by adding a little extra oil to the damaged area. Oiled Oak Furniture also keeps some of the roughness of the natural wood as it is not a layer over the natural oak, this gives for a lovely natural and warm piece of Oak Furniture.
Care instructions:
Oak furniture is oiled to make sure it is protected from heat, sunlight, and liquids. However, it is not immune to damage from these situations. Try to use place mats where heated objects may be placed directly on to the oak furniture, and try to tend to any spillages as soon as possible so as not to damage the integrity of the oiled finish. Try not to use any strong cleaning detergents on the Oak furniture as this can react with the finish and leave a mottled or cracked finish on your furniture. If the furniture is exposed to any of the aforementioned for long periods of time the oiled finish may need reapplying on a regular basis. To see how this is done please see our Re-applying oil to your oak furniture section for more information.
How to Re-Apply Oil to your Oak Furniture:
If your oak furniture is exposed to hot or cold, damp or dry for prolonged periods of time you may need to re-apply oil on quite a regular basis, otherwise once or twice a year is fine. If you feel that the Oak is to dry you can also decide to apply more oil to the Oak Furniture. • Lightly sand the surface along the wood fibers with fine-grained sandpaper. (400 Grit)
• Apply the oil with a dry cloth or rag. Make sure to apply the oil evenly over the surface. Wait until dry and then repeat.
• Leave to partially dry for 10 – 20 minutes, then go and wipe up all excess oil and buff the furniture.
• Then leave the Oak Furniture to dry for at least a day.
CAUTION: Make sure that the cloth you use to oil your furniture is thoroughly soaked in water after use or disposed off.
For information visit our website www.furnichehouse.co.uk